عنوان مقاله [English]
Mulla Sadra believes that the immediate apprehension of the soul is intensification to its essence. This is one of Mulla Sadra’s innovative theories and one of the results of his ontology and psychology. This theory implies that the degree and the level of one’s own immediate apprehension to the truth of his own essence is not fixed and can be improved and improved from the level of imaginary self-consciousness to the higher level of intellectual self-consciousness and even higher. Imaginary self-awareness means the psyche’s imaginary immediate apprehension, which, at the same time being immateriality, is subject to the effects of shape, size, and so on. And the rational self-awareness is the perception of complete immateriality and pure psyche. Each of these hierarchical degrees has requirements that will have important implications for human knowledge and act. The most important philosophical foundations of this theory in Sadr-ol-Mote'allehin wisdom are: the theory of apprehender-to-apprehended unity, the theory of substantial movement, and the way of being particular existence of the human soul rational in Mulla Sadra.