عنوان مقاله [English]
The thoughts of Qazi Sa'id Qomi based on his particular gnostic-philosophical look have been made. This issue has made him declare different theories in comparison to prior philosophers. The different clarification of Qazi Sa'id Qomi of science matter that it can be said it is in some great extent in opposition to Mullā Ṣadrā's thoughts on science gets the importance of studying this subject be multiplied. The present note which has been formed with direct examination of Qazi Sa'id's works and attitudes is an attempt to define the features of his thoughts in science issue which it can be counted the distinctive aspects of Qazi Sa'id's attitudes to other philosophers and opens new gates in the ontology and epistemology of science. Briefly, it should be mentioned that the majority of Qazi Sa'id's attitudes to science based on the explanation of believing in soul (nafs) in the comprehensiveness and uni versality being God's sign. He believes that ilm al-nafs (science of the soul) is neither presential knowledge (al-'ilm al-huduri) nor conceptual knowledge (al-'ilm al-husuli) and using the expression “huduri” for ilm al-nafs (science of the soul), he counts a figurative expression. He believes that for ilm al-nafs (science of the soul -self-) is the intellect vision on the universal (al-kullī) natures (al-ṭabīʿa) of things, therefore, presence (ḥūḍūr) of objects before man meaning their unveiling for the intellectual soul (nafs).