نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه فلسفه و حکمت اسلامی دانشکده الهیات و معارف اسلامی دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری
2 دانشیار دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری
عنوان مقاله [English]
The entropic argument is a proof of God which proves the creation of the world by using physical laws and from the creation of the world goes to prove the existence of God. This scientific premise is known as the Second Law of Thermodynamics or the Law of Entropy Enhancement and is an empirical law according to which in natural processes, the entropy of the system is increased and continues to reach its past value at which the past thermodynamic equilibrium occurs. By extending this rule to the whole universe, it can be anticipated a future in which the universe undergoes thermodynamic equilibrium and thermal death occurs. Using this law, it can be argued that if the universe has an endpoint, it must necessarily have a starting point and that the universe has a beginning from which it can be interpreted as the occurrence. By proving the premise that the universe is an accident and the creation of the universe has a beginning, an argument can be made to prove the Creator. By proving this premise that the universe is an accident and the creation of the universe has a contingent accident, an argument can be made to prove the Creator. The structure of the entropic argument is similar to that of the theorists’ argument, except that the proof of its first premise in the argument of the hadith is theological and philosophical, but in the entropic argument, by the second law of thermodynamics. The structure of the entropic argument is similar to the topologists’ creation argument, although its first proof is in the theistic and philosophical method, but in the entropic argument it is proved by the second law of thermodynamics or the principle of entropy enhancement. In addition to the critiques of the non-eternity argument, it can have criticisms to the primary premises of the entropic argument, which include the end of the universe and the transfer of energy from the immaterial environment to the material system.